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Chicago Council on Global Affairs

Volume 14: Isabel Steinweg (2009): The Chicago Council on Global Affairs – A Foreign Policy Think Tank of the Midwest

Heartland 14 / WVT 2009

ISBN 978-3-86821-120-7

€ 22,00 • $ 29,00

 

Eighty years ago, the American heartland was considered the bastion of U.S. isolationism. Today the Midwest has become the home of various foreign policy organizations and international forums eager to make their voice heard in the national debate on global issues. One of the most brilliant examples is the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. Established in 1922, the Chicago Council belongs to the first generation of U.S. think tanks, which have considerably shaped U.S. foreign policy during the years of World War II and the post-war era. Since its beginning – during a time of fervent isolationism – the Chicago Council has been successful in bringing together global decisionmakers and leaders from the Midwest. Thus, it has made an important contribution to enhancing Chicago’s and the region’s image in the world.  Moreover, the Council’s Global Chicago Center is exclusively dedicated to educate Chicagoeans about the city’s global assets and to provide information about international events happening in Chicago.

However, the Council’s story does not end here. Being an old guard think tank, the Chicago Council has employed formal and informal methods to influence public opinion and important decisionmakers in the region and beyond. How do these methods look like and what are their specific aims? Is it true that think tanks are one of the most important (and sometimes hidden) players in the policymaking process? These questions along with many other issues will be discussed in this thesis.

197 pp., 51 fig.

 

 

Table of Contents

0 Purpose of the Thesis  6

1 The Importance of Translation-Related Cultural and Terminological Studies 10
1.1 The Translator's Workbench: Modern Programs and Media Tools 10
1.1.1 Today's Knowledge-Based Society 10
1.1.2 Online Research   11
1.1.3 Online Encyclopedia and Databases 12
1.1.4 Online Forums and Other Communication Services  14
1.2 Documenting Linguistic and Cultural Knowledge  15
1.2.1 Document Management with WebResearch  15
1.2.2 Simple Concordance: Key Words and Collocations 16
1.2.3 Terminology Management   17

2 Think Tanks in the United States  19
2.1 How to Define a Think Tank   19
2.2 Think Tanks in the United States: The Different Cycles of Think Tank Development  24
2.2.1 Classification Scheme  24
2.2.2 Universities without Students  25
2.2.3 Government Contractors   28
2.2.4 Advocacy Think Tanks   30
2.2.5 Other Types of Think Tanks  32
2.3 The United States: A Breeding Ground for Think Tanks 33
2.4 Think Tanks in the Policymaking Process   38
2.4.1 Introduction  38
2.4.2 Roles and Objectives   39
2.4.3 Operating Methods and Activities  42
2.4.3.1 Operating Structure 42
2.4.3.2 Formal Activities 44
2.4.3.3 Informal Methods  46
2.4.4 How to Measure Influence   47
2.4.5 Today's Challenges for Think Tanks   51
2.5 U.S. Foreign Policy and the Influence of Think Tanks  53
2.5.1 General Facts   53
2.5.2 The CFR and its Role in American Politics   55
2.5.3 Case Study: The Bush Doctrine  60

3 The Chicago Council on Global Affairs 63
3.1 The CCGA as an Educational   63
3.1.1 Introduction   63
3.1.2 Mission Statement and History  65
3.1.3 Management and Finances   69
3.1.4 Membership Programs   74

3.1.5 Educational Activities  76
3.2 The Chicago Council on Global Affairs – the Think Tank  79
3.2.1 One Identity – Two Faces   79
3.2.2 Definition Criteria   81
3.2.3 Think Tank Activities of the CCGA   85
3.2.4 The CCGA and Other Think Tanks   89
3.3 “Global Chicago” - the Regional Focus of the CCGA  93
3.3.1 Understanding the Midwest  93
3.3.2 Chicago – World City in the Midwest  96
3.3.2.1 Chicago's Global Connections 96
3.3.2.2 Global Actors in Chicago – from NGOs to Business Associations 98
3.3.2.3 Global Actors in Chicago – from Ethnic Communities to Humanitarian Associations   102
3.3.2.4 Chicago’s Challenges in the 21st Century  105
3.3.3 The CCGA as a Local Think Tank 106
3.3.4 Connecting Chicago's Global Assets: www.globalchicago.org 110

4 Concluding Remarks   113

5 Multilingual Terminology Database  115
5.1 Introduction 115
5.2 Terminology Database 117

6 Appendix   173
6.1 Questionnaire   173
6.2 Chicago Council on Global Affairs – Board of Directors (2007/08) 173
6.3 Chicago Council on Global Affairs – Chairmen/ Directors since 1974 176
6.4 Chicago Council on Global Affairs: 2007 Financial Statement (Excerpts)  177
6.5 The Chicago Council on Global Affairs – Major Donors in 2006/07 178

7 Sources 179
7.1 Print Sources 179
7.1.1. Books   179
7.1.2 Dictionaries   180
7.2 Internet Sources 181
7.3 Pictures   191

 

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