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The Lumber Barons of Manistee, Michigan

Volume 22: Agathe Kraußmüller (2010): The Lumber Barons of Manistee, Michigan: Reconstructing the World of Louis Sands

Heartland 22 / WVT 2010

ISBN 978-3-86821-184-9

€ 18,00 • $ 25,00

 

 

In the United States of the nineteenth century, a group of successful lumber entrepreneurs, the “lumber barons”, achieved extraordinary success. Among these men was Louis Sands, a poor Swedish immigrant who came to America in his late twenties. Through courage and hard work in the abundant forests of Michigan he created a legacy of wealth and achievement.

This work presents the world of Louis Sands and the social and economic conditions that he personally experienced at the time he built his lumber empire in the growing town of Manistee, Michigan. His biography sheds light on an exceptional life and on the tales and myths surrounding the lumber business. A genealogical study of the Sands family traces its story through eight generations up to the present day.

 

170 pp., 82 fig.

 

 

Table of Contents

1 The Lumber Barons of Manistee, Michigan, as a Topic for Cultural Studies 4

2 General and Genealogical Research on the Life of Lumber Barons 6

2.1 Digital Archives on the Web 7

2.1.1 Digital Book Index 7

2.1.2 Digital Library Collections and Publications from the University of Michigan 9

2.1.3 Google Book Search  10

2.1.4 NewspaperARCHIVE.com  11

2.2 Genealogy on the Web 13

2.2.1 Ancestry  13

2.2.2 RootsWeb 15

2.2.3 FamilySearch 16

2.2.4 USGenWeb 17

2.3 Internet-supported General Research 18

2.3.1 Google Web Search  18

2.3.2 Metacrawler Web Search  19

2.3.3 WhitePages  19

3 A Research Trip to Manistee, Michigan 21

4 Documenting and Archiving Research Findings 25

4.1 Genbox  25

4.2 Family Tree Maker  28

4.3 WebResearch  31

5 The Lumber Industry in Michigan in the Nineteenth Century  33

5.1 The Logging Industry  33

5.2 Logging Camps and the Life of a Shanty Boy 36

5.3 Lumberman Songs and Legends  39

5.3.1 Songs  39

5.3.2 Paul Bunyan  42

5.4 Timber Transportation  43

5.4.1 River Drives 44

5.4.2 Big Wheels 45

5.4.3 Railroads  48

5.5 Sawmills 50

6 History of Manistee, Michigan 54

6.1 County Organization and Town Foundation 54

6.2 The Great Fire of 1871  56

6.3 Manistee during the Logging Era  58

6.4 After the Lumber Boom  61

6.5 Huron-Manistee National Forest 65

6.6 Manistee Today 67

6.7 Manistee Mansions  69

6.7.1 Architectural Style 70

6.7.2 Babcock Home 71

6.7.3 Dempsey Home 72

6.7.4 The First Buckley Home 73

6.7.5 Filer Home 74

7 The Lumber Barons of Manistee, Michigan  76

7.1 Lumber Baron Simeon Babcock 77

7.2 Lumber Baron Edward Buckley  78

7.3 Lumber Baron John Canfield  80

7.4 Lumber Baron William Douglas 81

7.5 Lumber Baron Delos L. Filer 82

7.6 Lumber Baron E. Golden Filer 83

7.7 Lumber Baron Delos Warren Filer  85

7.8 Lumber Baron Edward D. Wheeler 86

7.9 Lumber Baron Richard G. Peters 87

8 Case Study: Louis Sands 89

8.1 Birth and Childhood in Sweden 90

8.2 Arrival in the United States – Early Years  91

8.3 Lumber Business  93

8.3.1 The Lower Mill  93

8.3.2 The Upper Mill 94

8.4 Sands Railroads  95

8.5 Vessels and Lumber Shipping  96

8.6 Sands Electric Lighting Company  99

8.7 Sands Residence 100

8.8 Life and Legacy  102

8.9 The Man, Tales and Myths 104

9 Louis Sands’ Family and Descendants 112

9.1 Louis Sands’ First and Second Wives  113

9.1.1 First Wife: Caroline Richards 113

9.1.2 Second Wife: Isabella Marshall  114

9.2 Louis Sands’ Children  116

9.2.1 The Life of Charles Albert Sands  116

9.2.2 The Life of Martha Sands 118

9.2.3 The Life of Charlotte Isabella Sands  119

9.2.4 The Life of Sarah Sands  123

9.2.5 The Life of Flora Sands  126

9.2.6 The Life of Louis Marshall Sands 127

10 Conclusions 134

11 Glossary  137

12 Sources 150

12.1 Literature  150

12.2 Webpages  154

12.3 Documents 161

12.4 Conversation Protocols  163

12.5 Correspondence  164

12.6 Table of Images 166

 

 

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