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The Prairie Club of Illinois

Volume 4: Yvonne Müller (2008): The Prairie Club of Illinois - Preserving the Natural Heritage of the Midwest

Heartland 4 / WVT 2008

978-3-86821-010-1

€ 22 • $ 29

The Prairie Club of Illinois - Preserving the Natural Heritage of the American Midwest

 

This study focuses on the Prairie Club of Illinois, one of the most influential environmental organizations in the United States. Originally formed as a hiking club, it has a strong regional focus and is especially concerned with protecting the Midwestern prairies, as well as the Indiana Dunes on Lake Michigan.

This work offers background information about the conditions in Chicago at the beginning of the twentieth century that led to the foundation of the Prairie Club. The development of this organization, the people who influenced it, its environmental efforts and current activities are described as well.

The Prairie Club of Illinois – Preserving the Natural Heritage of the American Midwest is complemented by a comprehensive “Who is Who?” list enumerating important personalities who influenced the Prairie Club and American society in general.

 

165 pp., 136 fig.

 

Table of Contents

 

0 Introduction 4

1 The Importance of Cultural Studies in Translation 7

2 Research  10

3 Industrialization in Chicago and in the United States 12

3. 1 Industrialization in America 12

3. 2 Urban Growth and the Situation of the Immigrants 15

3. 3 The History and Development of Chicago 16

3. 4 Industrialization in Chicago 20

3. 5 The World’s Columbian Exposition- Celebrating the City of Chicago 22

3. 6 Problems and Disadvantages of Chicago’s Industrialization 24

4 Reform Movements 26

4. 1 Cultural Philanthropy  26

4. 2 The Settlement Movement  27

4. 2. 1 Culture and the Society 29

4. 3 The Progressive Era  30

4. 3. 1 Education 31

4. 3. 2 The Role of Women 31

4. 4 Social Reforms in Chicago 33

4. 4. 1 The City Club of Chicago 33

4. 4. 2 The Playground Association 34

5 Saturday Afternoon Walking Trips- The Beginnings of the Prairie Club 36

6 The Prairie Club and its Members 39

6. 1 Architects - Prairie Style in Architecture 39

6. 2 Writers - Chicago Renaissance in Poetry  47

6. 3 Artists - The Search for Community 51

6. 4 Social Reformers 53

6. 5 Environmentalists and Ecologists - Environmentalism in the United States 53

6. 6 Landscape Artists - Prairie Style in Landscape Gardening 58

7 Jens Jensen  62

7. 1 Childhood and Youth 63

7. 2 First Steps in the United States 64

7. 3 Jensen’s Career 65

7. 4 Typical Features of Jensen’s Landscape Designs 69

7. 5 Private Work and Conservation Efforts  70

7. 6 The Clearing 73

8. 1 Walks and Other Activities 77

8. 2 Saving the Dunes 86

8. 3 Establishing Camps 91

9 Pageants and Masques 93

9. 1 The Masques of the Prairie Club and the Friends 93

9. 2 The Pageantry Movement in the United States 95

10 Diana of the Dunes- The Story of Alice Mabel Gray 100

10. 1 Alice’s Life before the Dunes 100

10. 2 Alice’s Studies in Germany and the „Wandervogel“ Movement  101

10. 3 Return to the United States and the Move to the Dunes 102

10. 4 Fighting for the Dunes 103

10. 5 Diana and the Giant of the Dunes 104

10. 6 The Beginning of the End 105

11. The Prairie Club Today 107

11. 1 Goals and Mission 107

11. 2 The Camps 108

11. 2. 1 Hazelhurst Camp 108

11. 2. 2 Spring Grove Camp 110

11. 3 Structure of the Prairie Club 111

11. 4 Membership in the Prairie Club 113

11. 5 Environmental Protection and Conservation Efforts 113

11. 5. 1 The Prairie Club Conservation and Education Fund 114

11. 5. 2 The Prairie Club Legacy Learning Center 115

11. 5. 3 The Helen Strzelecki Conservation Scholarship Fund 116

11. 6 Other Current Activities of the Prairie Club 116

12 Conclusion 118

13 Who is Who? 120

14 Bibliography  155

14. 1 Books 155

14. 2 Internet Sources 157

14. 3 Documents from the Prairie Club Archives 161

14. 4 List of Figures 161

 

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